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2017海南高考英语试题答案解析(word精校版)

2017-06-09 09:26:54文/孙文婷

2017年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语试卷II(正式版解析)

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳答案。

A

Inthecomingmonths,wearebringingtogetherartistsformallovertheglobe,toenjoyspeakingshakespeare’splaysintheirownlanguage,inourglobe,withinthearchitectureshakespearewrotefor.pleasecomeandjoinus.

NationalTheatreOfChina?Beijing|Chinese

Thisgreatoccasion(盛会)willbethenationaltheatreofchina’sfirstvisittotheuk.Thecompany’sproductionsshowthenewfaceof21stcenturychinesetheatre.Thisproductionof

Shakespeare’sRichardIIIwillbedirectedbytheNational’sAssociateDirector,WangXiaoying.

Date&Time:Saturday28April,2.30pm&Sunday29April,1.30pm&6.30pm

MarjanishviliTheatre?TbilisilGeorgian

OneofthemostfamoustheatresinGeorgia,theMarjanishvili,foundedin1928,appearsregularlyattheatrefestivalsallovertheworld.ThisnewproductionofAsYouLikeItishelmed(指导)bythecompany’sArtisticDirectorLevanTsuladze.

Date&Time:Friday18May,2.30pm&Sunday19May,7.30pm

DeafinitelyTheater?LondonlBritishSign?Language(BSL)

BytranslatingtherichandhumouroustaxtofLove’sLabour’sLostintothephysicallanguageofBSL,DeafinitelyThertrecreatesanewinterpretationofShakespeare’scomedyandaimstobuildabridgebetweendeafandhearingworldsbyperformingtobothgroupsasoneaudience.

Date&Time:Tueaday22May,2.30pm&Wednesday23May,7.30pm

HabimaNationalTheatreTelAvivlHebrew

TheHabimaisthecentreofHebrew-languegetheatreworldwide,FoundedinMoscowafterthe1905revolution,thecompanyeventuallysettledinTelAvivinthelate1920s,Since1958,theyhavebeenrecognizedasthenationaltheatreofIsrael.ThisproductionofShakespeare’sTheMerchantofVenicemarkstheirfirstvisittotheUK.www.sjjydb.com

DateDate&Time:Monday28May,7.30&Tuesday29May,7.30pm

21.whichplaywillbeperformedbytheNationalTheatreofChina?

A.RichardⅢ.?B.Lover’sLabour’sLost

C.AsYouLikeIt?D.ThemerchantofVenice

22.WhatisspecialaboutDeafinnitelyTheatre?

A.Tthastwogroupsofactors?B.ItistheleadingtheatreinLondon

C.ItperformsplaysinBSL?D.Itisgoodatprductingcomedies

23.WhencanyouseeaplayinHebrew?

A.Onsuturday28Apil.?B.OnSunday29April

C.OnTuesday22May.?D.OnTuesday29May

21--23?AAD

B

IfirstmetPaulNewmanin1968,whenGeorgeRoyHill,thedirectorofButchCassidyandtheSundanceKid,introducedusinNewYorkCity.Whenthestudiodidn’twantmeforthefilm—itwantedsomebodyaswellknownasPaul—hestoodupforme.Idon’tknowhowmanypeoplewouldhavedonethat;theywouldhavelistenedtotheiragentsorthestudiopowers.

ThefriendshipthatgrewoutoftheexperienceofmakingthatfilmandTheStingfouryearslaterhaditsrootinthefactthatalthoughtherewasanagedifference,webothcamefromatraditionoftheaterandliveTV.Wewererespectfulofcraft(技艺)andfocusedondiggingintothecharactersweweregoingtoplay.BothofushadthequalitiesandvirtuesthataretypicalofAmericanactors:humorous,aggressive,andmakingfunofeachother—butalwayswithanunderlyingaffection.Thosewerealsoatthecore(核心)ofourrelationshipoffthescreen.

Wesharedthebriefthatifyou’refortunateenoughtohavesuccess,youshouldputsomethingback—hewithhisNewman’sOwnfoodandhisHoleintheWallcampsforkidswhoareseriouslyill,andmewithSundanceandtheinstituteandthefestival.PaulandIdidn’tseeeachotherallthatregularly,butsharingthatbroughtustogether.Wesupportedeachotherfinanciallyandbyshowingupatevents.

Ilastsawhimafewmonthsago.He’dbeenin?andoutofthehospital.HeandIbothknewwhatthedealwas,andwedidn’ttalkaboutit.Ourswasarelationshipthatdidn’tneedalotofwords.

24.Whywasthestudiounwillingtogivetheroletoauthoratfirst?

A.PaulNewmanwantedit.

B.Thestudiopowersdidn’tlikehisagent.

C.Hewasn’tfamousenough.

D.Thedirectorrecommendedsomeoneelse.

25.WhydidPaulandtheauthorhavealastingfriendship?

A.Theywereofthesamedge.

B.Theyworkedinthesametheater.

C.Theywerebothgoodactors.

D.Theyhansimilarcharactertics.

26.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“that”inparagraph3referto?

A.Theirbelief.

B.Theircareforchileden.

C.Theirsuccess.

D.Theirsupportforeachother.

27.Whatistheauthor’spurposeinwritingthetest?

A.Toshowhisloveoffilms.

B.Torememberafriend.

C.Tointroduceanewmovie.

D.Tosharehisactingexperience.

24--27CDAB

21.细节理解题。根据“Whenthestudiodidn’twantmeforthefilm—itwantedsomebodyaswellknownasPaul”制片人不想要我,他想要&网当时比较出名的演员Paul,因此,可知作者当时还不是很有名。故选C。

C

TerrafugiaInc.saidMondaythatitsnewflyingcarhascompleteditsfirstflight,bringingthecompanyclosertoitsgoalofsellingtheflyingcarwithinthenextyear.Thewehicle-namedtheTransition–hastwoseatswheelsandwingsthatfoldupsoitcanbedrivenlikeacar.TheTransition,whichflewat1,400feetforeightminuteslastmonth,canreacharound70milesperhourontheroadand115inthefliesusinga23-gallontankofgasandbums5gallonsperhourintheair.Ontheground,itgets35milespergallon.

Around100peoplehavealreadyputdowna$10,000deposittogetaTransitionwhentheygoonsale,andthosenumberswilllikelyriseafterTerrafugiaintroducestheTransitiontothepubliclaterthisweekattheNewYorkAutoShow.Butdon’t?expectittoshowupintoomanydriveways.It’sexpectedtocost$279,000.Anditwon’t?helpifyou’restuckintraffic.Thecarneedsarunway.

Inventorshavebeentryingtomakeflyingcarssincethe1930s,accordingtoRobertMann,anairlineindustryexpert.ButMannthinksTerrafugiahascomecloserthananyonetomakingtheflyingcarareality.Thegovemmenthasalreadypermittedz&xxkthecompanytousespecialmaterialstomakeiteasierforthevehicletofly.TheTransition?isnowgoingthroughcrashteststomakesureitmeetsfederalsafetysiandards.

MannsaidTerrafugiawashelpedbytheFederalAviationAdministration’sdecisionfiveyearsagotocreateaseparatesetofstandardsforlightsportaircraft,whicharelowerthanthoseforpilotsoflargerplanes.Terrafugiasaysanownerwouldneedtopassatestandcomplete20hoursofflyingtimetobeabletoflytheTransition,arequirementpilotswouldfindrelativelyeasytomeet.

28.Whatisthefirstparagraphmainlyabout?

A.ThebasicdataoftheTransition.?B.Theadvantagesofflyingcars.

C.Thepotentialmarketforflyingcars.?C.ThedesignersoftheTransition.

29.WhyistheTransitionunlikelytoshowupintoomanydriveways?

A.Itcauserstrafficjams.?B.Itisdifficulttooperate.

C.Itisveryexpensive.?D.Itbumstoomuchfuel.

30.Whatisthegovemment’sattitudetothedevelopmentoftheflyingcar?

A.Cautious?B.Favorable.

C.Ambiguous.?D.Disapproving.

31.Whatisthebesttitleforthetext?

A.FlyingCaratAutoShow?B.TheTransition’sFistFlight

C.Pilots’DreamComingTrue?D.FlyingCarClosertoReality

D

Whenaleafyplantisunderattack,itdoesn’t?sitquietly.Backin1983,twoscientists,JackSchultzandIanBaldwin,reportedthatyoungmapletreesgettingbittenbyinsectssendoutaparticularsmellthatneighboringplantscanget.Thesechemicalscomefromtheinjuredpartsoftheplant?andseemtobeanalarm.Whattheplantspumpthroughtheairisamixtureofchemicalsknownasvolatileorganiccompounds,VOCsforshort.

ScientistshavefoundthatallkindsofplantsgiveoutVOCswhenbeingattacked.It’saplant’swayofcryingout.Butisanyonelistening?Apparently.Becausewecanwatchtheneighboursreact.

Someplantspumpoutsmellychemicalstokeepinsectsaway.Butothersdodoubleduty.Theypumpoutperfumesdesignedtoattractdifferentinsectswhoarenaturalenemiestotheattackers.Oncetheyarrive,thetable sareturned.Theattackerwhoarenaturalenemiestotheattackers.Oncetheyarrive,thetable sareturned.Theattackerwhowaslunchingnowbecomeslunch.www.sjjydb.com

Instudyafterstudy,itappearsthatthesechemicalconversationshelptheneighbors.Thedamageisusuallymoreseriousonthefirstplant,buttheneighbors,relativelyspeaking,staysaferbecausetheyheardthealarmandknewwhattodo.

Doesthismeanthatplantstalktoeachother?Scientistsdon’tknow.Maybethefirstplantjustmadeacryofpainorwassendingamessagetoitsownbranches,andso,ineffect,wastalkingtoitself.Perhapstheneighborsjusthappenedto“overhear”thecry.Soinformationwasexchanged,butitwasn’tatrue,intentionalbackandforth.

CharlesDarwin,over150yearsago,imaginedaworldfarbusier,noisierandmoreintimate(亲密的)thantheworldwecanseeandhear.Oursensesareweak.There’sawholelotgoingon.

32.Whatdoesaplantdowhenitisunderattack?

A.Itmakesnoises.?B.Itgetshelpfromotherplants.

C.Itstandsquietly?D.Itsendsoutcertainchemicals.

33.Whatdoestheauthormeanby“thetable sareturned”inparagraph3?

A.Theattackersgetattacked.

B.Theinsectsgatherunderthetable .

C.Theplantsgetreadytofightback.

D.Theperfumesattractnaturalenemies.

34.Scientistsfindfromtheirstudiesthatplantscan?.

A.predictnaturaldisasters?B.protectthemselvesagainstinsects

C.talktooneanotherintentionallyD.helptheirneighborswhennecessary

35.whatcanweinferfromthelastparagraph?

A.Thewordischangingfasterthanever.

B.Peoplehavestrongersensesthanbefore

C.Theworldismorecomplexthanitseems

D.PeopleinDarwin’stimewereimaginative.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Interruptionsareoneoftheworstthingstodealwithwhileyou’retryingtogetworkdone.?36?,thereareseveralwaystohandlethings.Let’stakealookatthemnow.

?37?.Tellthepersonyou’resorryandexplainthatyouhaveamillionthingstodoandthenaskiftheofyoucantalkatadifferenttime.

Whenpeopletrytointerruptyou,havesethoursplannedandletthemknowtocomebackduringthattimeorthatyou’llfindthemthen.?38?.Itcanhelptoeliminate(消除)futureinterruptions.

Whenyouneedtosomeone,don’tdoitinyourownoffice.?39?.it’smucheaseiertoexcuseyourselftogetbacktoyourworkthanifyoutrytogetsomeoneoutofyourspaceevenafterexplaininghowbusyyouare

Ifyouhaveadoortoyouroffice,makegooduseofit.?40?.Ifsomeoneknocksandit’snotanimportantmatter.Excuseyourselfandletthepersonknowyou’rebusysotheycangetthehint(暗示)thanwhenthedoorisclosed,you’renottobedisturbed.

A.Ifyou’rebusy,don’t?feel?bad?about?saying?no

B.When?you?wanttoavoid?interruptionsatwork

C.Setboundariesforyourself asyour?timegoes

D.Ifyou’re?intheother?person’s?office?or?in?apublicarcea

E.It’simportant?that?you?let?themknow?when?you’ll?beavailable

F.Itmight?seem?unkind?to?cutpeople?shirt?when?they?interrupt?you

G.Leaveitopenwhenyou’reavailabletotalkandcloseitwhenyou’renot

36-40BAEDG

第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

In1973,Iwasteachingelementaryschool.Eachday,27kids?41?“TheThinkingLaboratory.”Thatwasthe?42?studentsvotedforafterdecidingthat“Room104”wastoo?43?.

Freddywasanaverage?44?,butnotanaverageperson.Hehadtherarebalanceoffunandcompassion(同情).Hewould?45?theloudestoverfunandbethesaddestoveranyone’s?46?.

Beforetheschoolyear?47?,Igavethekidsaspecial?48?,T-shertswiththewords“VerbsAreYour?49?onthem.Ihadadvisedthekidsthatwhileverbs(动词)mayseemdull,mostofthe?50?thingstheydothroughouttheirliveswillbeverbs.

Throughtheyears,I’drunintoformerstudentswhowouldprovide?51?onoldclassmates.IlearnedthatFreddydidseveraljobsafterhis?52?fromhighschoolandremainedthesame?53?personImetfortyyearsbefore.Once,whileworkingovernightatastore,heletahomelessman?54?inhistruck.Anothertime,he?55?afriendmoneytobuyahouse.

Justlastyear,Iwas?56?aworkshopwhensomeoneknockedattheclassroomdoor.Awoman?57?theinterruptionandhandedmeanenvelope.Istoppedteachingand?58?itup.Insidewerethe“Verbs”shertanda?59?fromFreddy’smonther.“FreddypassedawayonThanksgiving.Hewantedyoutohavethis.”

Itoldthestory?totheclass.Assadasitwas,Icouldn’thelpsmiling.AlthoughFreddywastakenfromus,weall?60?somethingfrom?Freddy.

41.A.built?B.entered?C.decorated?D.ran

42.A.name?B.rule?C.brand?D.plan

43.A.small?B.dark?C.strange?D.dull

44.A.scholar?B.student?C.citizen?D.worker

45.A.speak?B.sing?C.question?D.laugh

46.A.misfortune?B.disbelief?C.dishonesty?D.mistake

47.A.changed?B.approached?C.returned?D.ended

48.A.lesson?B.gife?C.report?D.message

49.A.friends?B.Awards?C.Masters?D.Tasks

50.A.simple?B.unique?C.fun?D.clever

51.A.assessments?B.comments?C.instructions?D.updates

52.A.graduation?B.retirement?C.separation?D.resignation

53.A.daring?B.modest?C.caring?D.smart

54.A.wait?B.sleep?C.study?D.live

55.A.paid?B.charged?C.lent?D.owed

56.A.observing?B.preparing?C.designing?D.conducting

57.A.regretted?B.avoided?C.excused?D.ignored

58.A.opened?B.packed?C.gave?D.held

59.A.picture?B.bill?C.note?D.diary

60.A.chose?B.took?C.expected?D.borrowed

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

In1863thefirstundergroundpassengerrailwayintheworldopenedinLondon.Itranforjustundersevenkilometersandallowedpeopletoavoidterrible__61__(crowd)ontheroadsaboveastheytravelledtoand___62__word.Ittookthreeyearstocompleteandwasbuiltusinganinterestingmethod.Thisincludeddigginguptheroad,____63___(lay)thetrackandthenbuildingastrongroofover___64___top.Whenallthosehadbeendone,theroadsurfacewasreplaced.

Steamengines___65__(use)topullthecarriagesanditmusthavebeen___66__(fair)unpleasantforthepasssengers,withallthesmokeandnoise.However,therailwayquicklyprovedtobeagreatsuccessandwithinsixmonths,morethan25,000peoplewereusing___67__everyday.

Later,engineers____68___(manage)toconstructrailwaysinasystemofdeeptunnels(隧道),whichbecameknowntothetube.Thisdevelopmentwasonlypossiblewiththe___69___(introduce)ofelectric-poweredenginesandlifts.ThecentralLondonRailwaywasoneofthemost___70___(success)ofthesenewlines,andwasopenedin1900.Ithadwhite-paintedtunnelsandbrightredcarriages,andprovedextremelypopularwiththepublic.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节?短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处;每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Mr.andMrs.Zhangallworkinourschool.Theylivefarfromtheschool,andittakesthemaboutahourandahalftogotoworkeveryday.Intheirsparetime,theyareinterestinginplantingvegetable sintheirgarden,thatisontherooftopoftheirhouse.Theyoftengetupearlierandwaterthevegetable stogether.Theyhavealsoboughtforsomegardeningtools.beside,theyoftengetsomeusefulinformationsfromtheinternet.Whensummercame,theywillinvitetheirstudentspickthevegetable s!

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