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2016年浙江高考英语试题解析(word精校版)

2016-06-10 12:47:57文/刘楠

2016年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(浙江卷)

英语

选择题部分(共80分)

第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节:单项填空(共20小题;每小题0.5分,满分10分)

从A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。

1.--Areyousureyou'rereadyforthebest?

--_________.I'mwellpreparedforit.

A.I'mafraidnotB.NoproblemC.HardtosayD.Notreally

【答案】B

【解析】

试题分析:句意:—你确定你准备好考试了吗?—没问题。我已经做好准备了。A.恐怕不;B.没问题;C.很难说;D.不是真的。根据语境,故选B。

考点:考查交际用语。

2.______prizeforthewinnerofthecompetitionis______two-weekholidayinParis.

A.The;不填?B.A;不填?C.A;the?D.The;a

【答案】D

【解析】www.sjjydb.com

试题分析:句意:这个比赛获胜者的奖品是一个巴黎的两个星期的假期。第一空填the,是特指“获胜者的奖品”,用定冠词,第二空是泛指“一个两周的假期”,用不定冠词a。故选A。

考点:考查冠词。

3.Inmanyways,theeducationsystemintheUSisnotverydifferentfrom____intheUK.

A.that???B.this???C.one??D.it

【答案】A

考点:考查代词。

4.Itisimportanttopayyourelectricitybillontime,aslatepaymentsmayaffectyour______.

A.condition??B.income?????C.credit?????D.status

【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:句意:准时付电费很重要,因为付晚了会影响你的信用。Condition条件;income收入;credit学分,信用(卡)。根据句意故选C。

考点:考查名词辨析。

5._______onlineshoppinghaschangedourlife,notallofitseffectshavebeenpositive.

A.Since???B.After???C.While???D.Unless

【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:句意:尽管网上购物已经改变了我们的生活,单数不是所有的影响都是积极的。While引导让步状语从句,意为“尽管,虽然”;since既然,自从;after在……之后;unless除非。故选C。

考点:考查连词。

6.Thatyoungmanishonest,cooperative,alwaystherewhenyouneedhishelp.______,he'sreliable.

A.Orelse???B.Inshort????C.Bytheway???D.Foronething

【答案】B

考点:考查介词短语。

7.Thestudysuggeststhatthecultureswegrowup_______influencethebasicprocessesbywhichweseeworldaroundus.

A.on???B.in???C.at???D.about

【答案】B

【解析】

试题分析:句意:研究表明我们成长的文化影响我们看周围世界的基本过程。Thecultures后面是定语从句,省略that,定语从句中cultures作宾语,那么还缺少一个介词,和cultures搭配用介词in,故选B。

考点:考查介词。

8.Wecanachievealotwhenwelearntoletourdifferencesunite,ratherthan_______us.

A.divide??B.reject????C.control????D.abandon

【答案】A

【解析】

试题分析:句意:当我们学会让我们的差异联合起来而不是将我们分离的时候,我们就获得很多。A.将……分开;B.拒绝,拒收;C.控制;D.放弃。根据语境,故选A。

考点:考查动词辨析。

9.Silk______oneoftheprimarygoodstradedalongtheSilkRoadbyabout100BC.

A.hadbecome??B.reject???C.control?????D.abandon

【答案】A

考点:考查动词时态。

10.Toreturntotheproblemofwaterpollution,I'dlikeyoutolookatastudy_______inAustraliain2012.?????????

A.havingconducted???????B.tobeconducted????????C.conducting????????D.conducted

【答案】D

【解析】

试题分析:句意:为了回到水污染的问题,我想要你研究一下2012年澳大利亚进行的研究。使用非谓语动词作定语,study和conduct是动宾关系,用过去分词作定语。B项也表示被动,但是不定式的被动,表示将要发生的事情。故选D。sjjydb.com

考点:考查非谓语动词。

11.Scientistshaveadvancedmanytheoriesaboutwhyhumanbeingscrytears,noneof______hasbeenproved.

A.whom??????B.which????????C.what????????D.that

【答案】B

【解析】

试题分析:句意:关于人类为什么哭的时候会流泪,科学家已经提出了很多理论,没有一个被证明了。使用定语从句,先行词是theories,指物,定语从句中用代词+介词+关系代词which引导。故选B。

考点:考查定语从句。

12.Whentheirchildrenlivedfarawayfromthem,theseoldpeoplefelt______fromtheworld.

A.carriedaway??B.brokendown???C.cutoff????D.broughtup

【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:句意:当孩子远离他们生活的时候,这些老人感觉和世界隔绝了。Carryaway带走,夺走;breakdown崩溃,破坏,抛锚,分解;cutoff切断;bringup养育,培养。故选C。

考点:考查动词短语。

13.Asuddenstopcanbeavery?frighteningexperience,______ifyouaretravellingathighspeed.

A.eventually???B.strangely??C.merely???D.especially

【答案】D

考点:考查副词辨析。

14.Whenthetimecametomakethefinaldecisionforacourse,Idecidedtoapplyfortheonethat______myinterest.

A.limited???B.reserved????C.reflected????D.spoiled

【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:句意:当最后决定课程的时候到了,我决定申请能反映我兴趣的课程。A.限制;B.保留;C.反映,反射;D.宠坏。故选C。

考点:考查动词辨析。

15.Hadthegovernmentsandscientistsnotworkedtogether,AIDS-relateddeaths_______sincetheirhighestin2005.

A.hadnotfallen????B.wouldnotfall??C.didnotfall??D.wouldnothavefallen

【答案】D

【解析】

试题分析:句意:如果政府和科学家不共同努力,艾滋病相关的死亡就不会从2005年的最高点下降。使用虚拟语气,if条件句用的haddone,而且省略it,将had提前,主句用wouldhavedone表示对过去情况的虚拟。故选D。

考点:考查虚拟语气。

16.Inthisarticle,youneedtobackupgeneralstatementswith________examples.

A.specific???B.permanent?????C.abstract?????D.universal

【答案】A

【解析】

试题分析:句意:在文章中,你需要用具体的例子来支持总的观点。A.具体,明确的;B.永久的;C.抽象的;D.全球的,共通的。故选A。

考点:考查形容词辨析。

17.George_________toofar.Hiscoffeeisstillwarm.

A.musthavegone??B.mighthavegone??C.can'thavegone??D.needn'thavegone

【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:乔治不可能走得太远了。他的咖啡仍然是温的。can’thavedone是对过去的否定推测;musthavedone过去一定做了某事;mighthavedone过去可能做了某事;needn’thavedone过去本不必做某事。故选C。

考点:考查情态动词+havedone。

18.IhavealwaysenjoyedalltheeventsyouorganizedandIhopetoattendinthecomingyears

??A.littlemore????B.nomore???C.muchmore??D.manymore

【答案】D

考点:考查短语辨析。

19.IhadasmuchfunsailingtheseasasInowdowithstudents.

A.wotking???B.work????C.towork?????D.worked?

【答案】A

【解析】

试题分析:句意:我在海上航行和现在和学生一起一样快乐。使用非谓语动词作状语,I和work是主谓关系,用现在分词作时间状语。故选A。

考点:考查非谓语动词。

20.—Themoviestartaat8:30,andwocanhaveaquickbitebeforewogo

--.Seeyouat8:10

A.Solong?B.Soundsgreat?C.Goodluck?D.Haveagoodtime??

【答案】B

考点:考查交际用语。

第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分0)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从21—40各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。

Duringthewar,myhusbandwasstationedatanarmycampinadesertinCalifornia.Iwenttolivethereinordertobe21?him.Ihatedtheplace.Ihadnever?22?beensounhappy.Myhusbandwasorderedoutonalong-termduty,andIwasleftinatinyshack(棚屋)alone.Theheatwas?23?-almost1250Fevenintheshadeofacactus(仙人掌)。24?asoultotalkto.Thewindblewnon-stop,andallthefoodIate,andtheevryairIbreathed,were?25??withsand,sand,sand!

IwassosorryformyselfthatIwrotetomyparents.ItoldthemIwas?26??andcomingbackhome.IsaidIcouldn’tstanditoneminutelonger.I?27?beinprison!Myfatheransweredmy?28?withjusttwolines-twolinesthatwillalwayssinginmy?29?-twolinesthatcompletelychangedmylife:

Twomenlookedoutfromprisonbars

Onesawthemud,theothersawthestars

Ireadthosetwolines?30??Iwasashamedofmyself.ImadeupmymindIwouldfindoutwhatwasgoodinmypresent?31?;Iwouldlookforthestars.

Imadefriendswiththenatives,andtheir?32?amazedme.Theygavemepresentsoftheirfavoriteartworkswhichtheyhad?33?toselltotoueists.Istudiedthedelightfulformsofthecactus.Iwatchedforthedesertsunsets,and?34?forseashellsthathadbeenlefttheremillionsofyearsagowhenthedeserthadbeenanocean?35?

Whatbroughtaboutthis?36??changeinme?Thedeserthadn’tchanged,37??Ihad.Ihadchangedmy?38??Andbydoingso,Ichangedanunhappyexperienceintothemostamazing?39?ofmylife.IwasexcitedbythisnewworldthatIhaddicoveredIhadlookedoutofmyself-creatdedprisonand?40??thestars

21.A.off?B.behind???C.near??D.beyond

22.A.before????B.already????C.then???D.still

23.A.inflexible???B.incomprehensible?C.uncontrollable?D.unbearable

24.A.Only???????B.Not???C.Many???D.Such

25.A.covered?????B.filled????C.buried????D.charhed

26.A.catchingup??B.keepingup??C.givingup?D.gettingup

27.A.oughtto????B.mightwell?????C.wouldrather???D.hadbetter

28.A.request??B.call????C.question???D.letter

29.A.comparison????B.imagination????C.consideration?D.memory

30.A.overandover???B.byandby?????C.upanddown??D.noeandthen

31.A.company???B.occupation?????C.situation??????D.relationship

32.A.movement????B.reaction????C.guidance?????D.purpose

33.A.refused????B.failed?????C.managed??????D.happened

34.A.asked????B.hunted?????C.waited?????D.headed

35.A.floor????B.surface?????C.rock?????D.level

36.A.shocking?????B.challenging?????C.puzzling??????D.astonishing

37.A.as??B.but??C.for???D.or

38.A.attitude???B.principle??C.identity?????D.standard

39.A.vacation???B.operation??C.affair?D.adventure

40.A.sought??B.counted???C.found??D.reached

【语篇解读】这是一篇记叙文。作者讲述自己为了离丈夫近一些,住在他所在的沙漠的军营里,寂寞的生活和艰苦的生活条件让作者难以忍受,她写信告诉父母要回家。父亲给他的信中就两行字,就是这两行字使作者改变了自己对人生的态度。

21.【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:根据上文的Iwenttolivethere,可知,作者去住在丈夫的军营为了靠近丈夫。A.远离;B.在……后面;C.靠近;D.超过。故选C。

考点:考查介词辨析。

22.【答案】A

【解析】

试题分析:根据下文Iwasleftinatinyshack(棚屋)alone.可知,作者以前从没有感觉这么不开心。A.以前;B.已经;C.然后;D.仍然。故选A。

考点:考查副词辨析。www.sjjydb.com

23.【答案】D

考点:考查形容词辨析。

24.【答案】B

【解析】

试题分析:根据上文adesert和alone,可知,没有一个人可以交谈。A.仅仅;B.没有;C.很多;D.这样。故选B。

考点:考查副词辨析。

25.【答案】B?

【解析】

试题分析:根据上文adesert可知,作者吃的食物,呼吸的空气都充满了沙子。A.覆盖;B.填满;C.埋葬;D.负责,要价。故选B。

考点:考查动词辨析。

26.【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:根据下文comingbackhome,可知,作者写信给父母,告诉他们她要放弃。A.赶上;B.维持;C.放弃;D.起床。故选C。

考点:考查动词短语辨析。

27.【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:根据上文IsaidIcouldn’tstanditoneminutelonger,可知,我宁愿在监狱里。A.应该;B.不妨,最好;C.宁愿;D.最好。故选C。

考点:考查短语辨析。

28.【答案】D

【解析】

试题分析:根据上文Iwrotetomyparents,可知,作者的爸爸回复了作者的信,只有两行字。A.请求;B.电话;C.问题;D.信。故选D。

考点:考查形容词辨析。

29.【答案】D

考点:考查名词辨析。sjjydb.com

30.【答案】A

【解析】

试题分析:根据下文Iwasashamedofmyself.可知,作者一遍又一遍地读这两行字。A.一遍又一遍;B.不久;C.上上下下;D.不时。故选A。

考点:考查短语辨析。

31.【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:根据上文Iwouldlookforthestars,可知,作者决定要发现在现在的环境中好的东西。A.公司,陪伴;B.占据,职业;C.环境;D.关系。故选C。

考点:考查名词辨析。

32.【答案】B

【解析】

试题分析:根据下文Theygavemepresentsoftheirfavoriteartworkswhichtheyhad?33?toselltotoueists.可知,作者和当地人交朋友,他们的反应让作者很惊讶。A.运动;B.反应;C.指导;D.目的。故选B。

考点:考查名词辨析。

33.【答案】A

【解析】

试题分析:根据句意:他们给我最喜欢的艺术作品的礼物,这些作品是他们拒绝卖给游客的。A.拒绝;B.失败;C.设法完成;D.碰巧。故选A。

考点:考查动词辨析。

34.【答案】B

考点:考查动词辨析和短语搭配。

35.【答案】A?

【解析】

试题分析:根据上文millionsofyearsago可知,几百万年前,沙漠曾经是海床。A.地板;B.表面;C.岩石;D.水平。故选A。

考点:考查名词辨析。

36.【答案】D

【解析】

试题分析:根据上文twolinesthatcompletelychangedmylife:可知,这里是:什么造成我这样令人惊讶的改变?A.令人震惊的;B.有挑战的;C.令人困惑的;D.令人惊讶的。故选D。

考点:考查形容词辨析。

37.【答案】B

【解析】

试题分析:根据句意:沙漠没有改变,但是我变了。表示转折关系。

A.正如,因为,随着;B.但是;C.因为;D.或者。故选B。

考点:考查连词辨析。

38.【答案】A

【解析】

试题分析:根据下文Ichangedanunhappyexperienceintothemostamazing可知,虽作者改变了自己的态度。A.态度;B.原则;C.身份;D.标准。故选A。

考点:考查名词辨析。

39.【答案】D

【解析】

试题分析:根据上一段内容可知,作者将不愉快的经历变成最令人惊叹的人生冒险。A.假期;B.手术;C.事务;D.冒险。故选D。

考点:考查名词辨析。

40.【答案】C

考点:考查动词辨析。

第二部分:阅读理解(第一节20小题,第二节5小题;每小题2分,满分50分)

第一节:阅读下列材料,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。

A

“DidyouhearwhathappenedtoAdamLastFriday?”LindseywhiperstoTori.

Withhereyesshining,toribrags,“YoubetIdid,Seantoldmetwodaysago.”

WhoareLindseyandToritalkingabout?Itjusthappenedtobeyourstruly,AdamFreedmam,Icantellyouthatwhatthatwhattheyaresayingis(a)notniceand(b)noteventrue.Still,LindseyandToriaren’tverydifferentfrommoststudentshereatLintonHigtSchool,includingme.Manyofourconversationsaregossip(闲话)。Ihavenoticedthreeeffectsofgossip:itcanhurtpeople,itcangivegossipersastrangekindofsatisfaction,anditcancausesocialpressuresinagroup.

Animportantnegativeeffectofgossipisthatitcanhurtthepersonbeingtalkedabout.Usually,gossipspreadsinformationaboutatopic-breakups,troubleathome,evendroppingout-thatapersonwouldratherkeepsecret.Themoreembarrassingorshamefulthesecretis,thejuicierthegossipitmakes.Probablytheworsttypeofgossipistheabsolutelie.Peopleofenthinkofgossipersasharmless,butcruelliescancausepain.

Ifweknowthatgossipcanbeharmful,thenwhydosomanyofusdoit?Thtanswerliesinanothereffectofgossip:thesatisfactionitgivesus.Sharingthelatestrumor(传言)canmakeapersonfeelimportantbecauseheorsheknowssomethingthatothersdon’t.Similarly,hearingthelatestrumorcanmakeapersonfeellikepartofthe“ingroup.”Inotherwords,gossipissatisfyingbecauseitgivespeopleasenseofbelongingorevensuperiority(优越感).

?Gossipalsocanhaveathirdeffect:itstrengthensunwritten,unspokenrulesabouthowpeopleshouldact.ProfessorDavidWilsonexplainsthatgossipisimportantinpolicingbehaviorsinagroup.Translatedintohighschoolterms,thismeansthatifeverybodyyouhangaroundwithislaughingatwhatJohnworeorwhatJanesaid,thenyoucanbetthatwearingorsayingsomethingsimilarwillgetyouthesamekindofnegativeattention.Thedo’sanddon’tsconveyedthroughgossipwillnevershowupinanystudenthandbook.

Theeffectsofgossipvarydependingonthesituation.Thenexttimeyoufeeltheurgetospreadthelatestnews,thingaboutwhyyouwanttogossipandwhateffectsyour“juicystory”mighthave.

41.Theauthorusesaconversationatthebeginningofthepassaheto.

A.introduceatopic

B.presentanargument

C.describethecharacters

D.clarifyhiswritingpurpose

42.Animportantnegativeeffectsofgossipisthatit.

A.breaksuprelationships

B.embarrassesthelistener

C.spreadsinformationaround

D.causesunpleasantexperiences

43.Intheauther’sopinion,manypeopleliketogossipbecauseit.

A.givesthemafeelingofpleasure

B.helplthemtomakemorefriends

C.makesthembetterattellingstories

D.enablesthemtomeetimportantpeople

44.ProfessorDavidWilsonthinkthatgossipcan.

A.providestudentswithwrittenrules

B.helppeoplewatchtheirownbehaviors

C.forceschooltoimpovestudenthandbooks

D.attractthepolice’sattentiontogroupbehaviors

45.Whatadvicedoestheauthorgiveinthepassage?

A.Neverbecomeagossiper

B.Stayawayfromgossipers

C.Don’tletgossipturnintolies

D.Thinktwicebeforeyougossip.

【语篇解读】本文是一篇议论文。文章讨论了传言的危害和人们为什么喜欢传闲话。

41.【答案】A

【解析】

试题分析:根据文章第三段的Manyofourconversationsaregossip.(我们的话题很多都是闲话),可知开头的对话是为了介绍本文的主题,故选A。

考点:考查推理判断。

42.【答案】D

考点:考查细节理解。

43.【答案】A

【解析】www.sjjydb.com

试题分析:根据文章第五段的Theanswerliesinanothereffectofgossip:thesatisfactionitgivesus,可知人们散播传言是因为它会带来满足感,故选A。

考点:考查细节理解。

44.【答案】B

【解析】

试题分析:根据文章第六段的ProfessorDavidWilsonexplainsthatgossipisimportantinpolicingbehavioursinagroup.可知他认为传言能帮助人们观察自身的行为,故选B。

考点:考查细节理解。

45.【答案】D

【解析】

试题分析:根据文章最后一段的Thenexttimeyoufeeltheurgetospreadthelatestnews,thinkaboutwhyyouwanttogossipandwhateffectsyour“juicystory”mighthave.可知作者的建议是让人们在传言之前三思而后行。故选D。

考点:考查细节理解。

B

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 版权所有Buildit,Makeit,Playit!GuidesforChildrenandTeensBomholdCatharine;ElderTerri,2004lABC-CLIO

Series:Children’sandYoungAdultLiteratureReference

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Forbusylibrariansandeducators,findinginstructionsforprojects,activities,sports,andgamesthatchildrenandteenswillfindinterestingisaconstantchallenge,Thisguideisatime-saving,one-stop….

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 版权所有CircleTimeforYoungChildren

MosleyJenny,2014lTaylorandFrancis

Series:EssentialGuidesforEarlyYearsPractitioners

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JennyMosley’squalitycircletimemodelinvolvessettingupanon-going,timetable process

Ofcircle-meetingforadultsandchildren,Asabasisforteachingrelationshipskills,buildingupself-esteem…..

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?????????????

ConnectingAnimalsandchildreninEarlyChildhood

SellyPattyBorn,2014l?Redleaf?Press

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Understandthevalueofconnectinganimalsandchildren.Fromfamilyspetsandwildanimalstotoys,stuffedanimal,andmediaimages,animalsareacentralpartofeverychild’sworld.Thisbookexamines….

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 版权所有EducationandDisadvantagedChildrenandYoungPeople

MatsumotoMitsuko;BroolColin,2013lBloomsburyPublishiing

Series:EducationasaHumanitarianResponse

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Dostreetchildrengotischool,andifnot,whynot?Whatkindofeducationcanbe‘meaningful’toyoungpeopleaffectedbyconflict?Thecontributorsexploregroupsofchildrenandyoungpeoplewhohave….

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Children?withSchool?problme:APhyskian’sManual

ThechildrenpaediatricSociety;Andrews?Debra;MahoneyWilliamJ,2012?Iwiley

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 版权所有Thephysician’s?guide?todiagnosing?and?treatinglearningdisabilitiesinchildren.1to10Canadianshave?alearningdisability,anddoctorsmustbeabletoidcntify,diagnose,trear,andmanagechildren…

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SongsinTheirHeads:MusicandItsMeaningInChildren’sLives

CampbellPatriciaShehan,1989IOxfordUniversityPress

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This?bookexplorestheintrestandneedsofchildrenintheirexpressedthountsandactual“musicking”behaviours,This?textexamines?thesongstheysing,theryhthms…

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 版权所有YoungChildrenasArtists:ArtandDesignintheEartyYearsandKayStage1

TutchellSuzy2014ITaylorFrancis

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Fromthemonmentachildis?bom,theyintctractwiththeworld,lookingatcolours,feedingtexrures;constructingmentalandphysicalimagesofwhattheyseeandexperience.Withinallearlyyears…

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BigIdeasforLittlesKids:TEAchingPhilosophyThroughChildren’sLiferature

WartnbergThomasE.2014IRowman&LittlefieldPublishers

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BigIdeasforLittleKidsincludeseverythingateacher,oracollegestudentneedstoteachphilosophytoelementaryschoolchildrenfrompicturebooks.Writteninaclearandaccessiblestyle…

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46.Supposeyouaredoingresearchonchildren’srelationshipskills,youmaywanttoread.

A.CircleTimeforYoungChildren

B.ChildrenwithSchoolProblems:APhsysician’s?Manual

C.EducationandDisaddvantagedChildrenandYoungPeople

D.BuildIt,MakeIt,DoIt,PlayIt!GuidesforChildrenandTeens

47.Whichbookwouldyourecommendtosomeoneinteresteninchildren’smentalimanges?

A.ConnectingAnimalsandChildreninEarlyChildhood.

B.SongsinTheirHeads:MusicandItsMeaninginchildren’sLives.

C.BigIdeasforLittleKids:TeachingPhilosophyThroughchildren’sLiterature.

D.YoungChildrenasArtists:ArtandDesignintheEarlyYearsandKeyStage1.
48.Howmanybookspublishedin2015arefoundinthissearch?

A.9.?B.90.??C.118.?D.290.

49.ChildrenwithSchoolProblems:APhsysician’s?Manualismostlikelyintended?for.

A.educators????B.librarians???C.doctors???D.artists

【语篇解读】本文是一篇应用文,文章提供了图书馆网页上一些书本的信息。

46.【答案】A

【解析】

试题分析:根据CircleTimeforYoungChildren部分的句子Asabasisforteachingrelationshipskills,可知这本书和孩子的社交技巧有关,故选A。

考点:考查细节理解。

47.【答案】D

考点:考查推理判断。

48.【答案】B

【解析】

试题分析:根据侧边栏的YearPublished下的2015(90),可知有90本书是2015年出版的。故选B。

考点:考查细节理解。www.sjjydb.com

49.【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:根据ChildrenwithSchoolProblems部分的Thephysician’sguidetodiagnosingandtreatinglearningdisabilitiesinchildren.可知这本书介绍了如何诊断治疗孩子的病症,是给医生读的资料,故选C。

考点:考查细节理解。

【名师点睛】这是一篇广告布告类阅读理解,这种题目一般是比较简单的,考查细节题为主??梢允褂眯畔⑸秆》ㄗ鎏?。为了节省时间,可以用先看题目,带着题目在文中寻读的方法找到信息句,理解并找出正确答案。

C

Ascientistworkingatherlabbenchandasix-oldbabyplayingwithhisfoodmightseemtohavelittleincommon.Afterall,thescientistisengagedinseriousresearchtouncovertheverynatureofthephysicalworld,andthebabyis,well,justplaying…right?Perhaps,butsomedevelopmentalpsychologists()havearguedthatthis“play”is?morelikeascientificinvestigationthanonemightthink.

Takeacloserlookatthebabyplayingatthetable .Eachtimethebowlofriceispushedoverthetable edge,it

fallsintheground---and,intheprocess,itbelongsoutimportantevidenceabouthowphysicalobjectsinteract;bowlsofricedonotfloodinmid-sit,butrequiresupporttoremainstable .Itislikelythatbabiesarenotbornknowingthebasicfactoftheuniverse;noraretheyeverclearlytaughtit.Instead,babiesmayformanunderstandingofobjectsupportthroughrepeatedexperimentsandthenbuildonthisknowledgetolearnevenmoreabouthowobjectsinteract.Thoughtheirrangesandtoolsdiffer,thebaby’sinvestigationandthescientist’sexperimentappeartosharethesameaim(tolearnaboutthenaturalworld),overallapproach(gatheringdirectevidencefromtheworld),andlogic(aremyobservationswhatIexpected?).

Somepsychologistssuggestthatyoungchildrenlearnaboutmorethanjustthephysicalworldinthisway---thattheyinvestigatehumanpsychologyandtherulesoflanguage?usingsimilarmeans.Forexample,itmayonlybethroughrepeatedexperiments,evidencegathering,andfinallyoverturningatheory,thatababywillcometoaccepttheideathatotherpeoplecanhavedifferentviewsanddesiresfromwhatheorshehas,forexample,unlikethechild,Mommyactuallydoesn’tlikeDovechocolate.

Viewingchildhooddevelopmentasascientificinvestigationthrowsonhowchildrenlearn,butitalsooffersaninspiringlookatscienceandscientists.Whydoyoungchildrenandscientistsseemtobesomuchalike?Psychologistshavesuggestedthatscienceasaneffort---thedesiretoexplore,explain,andunderstandourworld---issimplysomethingthatcomesfromourbabyhood.Perhapsevolutionprovidedhumanbabieswithcuriosityandanaturaldrivetoexplaintheirworlds,andadultscientistssimplymakeuseofthesamedrivethatservedthemaschildren.Thesamecognitivesystemsthatmakeyoungchildrenfeelgoodaboutfeelgoodaboutfiguringsomethingoutmayhavebeenadoptedbyadultscientists.Assomepsychologistsputit,”Itisnotthatchildrenarelittlescientistsbutthatscientistsarebigchildren.”

50.Accordingtosomedevelopmentalpsychologists,

A.ababy’splayisnothingmorethanagame.

B.scientificresearchintobabies;gamesispossible

C.thenatureofbabies’playhasbeenthoroughlyinvestigated

D.ababy’splayissomehowsimilartoascientist’sexperiment

51.WelearnfromParagraph2that

A.scientistsandbabiesseemtoobservetheworlddifferently

B.scientistsandbabiesofteninteractwitheachother

C.babiesarebornwiththeknowledgeofobjectsupport

D.babiesseemtocollectevidencejustasscientistsdo

52.Childrenmaylearntherulesoflanguageby

A.exploringthephysicalworld?????B.investigatinghumanpsychology

C.repeatingtheirownexperiments??D.observingtheirparents’behaviors

53.Whatisthemainideaofthelastparagraph?

A.Theworldmaybemoreclearlyexplainedthroughchildren’splay.

B.Studyingbabies’playmayleadtoabetterunderstandingofscience.

C.Childrenmayhavegreaterabilitytofigureoutthingsthanscientists.

D.One’sdriveforscientificresearchmaybecomestrongerashegrows.

54.Whatistheauthor’stonewhenhediscussestheconnectionbetweenscientists’researchandbabies’play?

A.Convincing.??B.Confused.????C.Confidence.?D.Cautious.

【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了孩子的玩耍和科学家的研究有共同之处。学.科网

50.【答案】D

考点:考查细节理解。

51.【答案】D

【解析】

试题分析:根据文章第二段的句子overallapproach(gatheringdirectevidencefromtheworld)可知孩子也会像科学家一样收集证据,故选D。

考点:考查细节理解。

52.【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:根据文章第三段的句子Forexample,itmayonlybethroughrepeatedexperiments,evidencegatheringandfinallyoverturningatheory可知孩子可以通过重复自己的实验来学习语言的规律,故选C。

考点:考查细节理解。

53.【答案】B

考点:考查细节理解。

54.【答案】Dsjjydb.com

【解析】

试题分析:根据作者在文中的用词appearto和may来弱化绝对性的表达,和通过引用其他人的观点somepsychologistsuggest/arguethat可知,作者的语气是谨慎的。故选D。

考点:考查推理判断。

D

Twothingschangedmylife:?mymotherandawhiteplasticbikebasket.Ihavethoughtlongandhardaboutitandit’strue.Iwouldbeadifferentpersonifmymomhadn’tturnedasillybicycleaccessoryintoalifelessonIcarrywithmetoday.

Mymotherandfatherwereunitedintheirwayofraisingchildren,butitmostlyfelltomymothertoactuallycarryitout.Lookingback,Ihonestlydon’tknowhowshedidit.Managingthefamilybudgetmusthavebeenaveryhardtask.,butshemadeitlookeffortless.Ifwecomplainedaboutnothavingwhatanotherkiddid,we’dhearsomethinglike,“Idon’tcarewhatso–and–sogotforhisbirthday,youarenotgettingaTVinyourroomacarforyourbirthdayalsvishsweet16party.”Wehadtoearnourallowancebydoingchoresaroundthehouse.Icanstillrememberhowlongittooktopolishthelegsofourcoffeetable .Mybrotherscannodoubtrememberhoursspentcleaningthehouse.LikethetwolittlegirlsgrowingupattheWhiteHouse,wemadeourownbeds(nooneleftthehouseunitilthatwasdone)andpickedupafterourselves.Wehadtokeeptrackofourbelongings,andifsomethingwaslost,itwasnotreplaced.

Itwassummerand,oneday,mymotherdrovemetothebikeshoptogetatirefixed---andthereitwasinthewindow,White,shiny,plasticanddecoratedwithflowers,thebasketwinkedatmeandIknew----Iknew---Ihadtohaveit.

“It’sbeautiful,”mymothersaidwhenIpointeditouttoher,”Whataneatbasket.”

Itriedtoholdoffatfirst,Iplayeditcoolforashortwhile.ButthenIguessIcouldn’tatanditanylonger:“Mom,pleasecanIplease,pleasegetit?I‘lldoextrachoresforaslongasyousay,I’lldoanything,butIneedthatbasket,Ilovethatbasket.Please,Mom.Please?”

Iwasdesperate.

“Youknow,”shesaid,gentlyrubbingmybackwhilewebothstaredatwhatIbelieveswasthecoolestthingever,”Ifyousaveupyoucouldbuythisyourself.”

“BythetimeImakeenoughit’llbugone!”

“MaybeRogerherecouldholditforyou,”shesmiledatRoger,thebikeguy.

“Hecan’tholditforthatlong,Mom.Someoneelsewillbuyit.Please,Mom,Please?”

“Theremightbeanotherway,”shesaid.

Andsoourpayingplanunfolded.MymotherboughtthebeautifulbasketandputitsafelyinsomehidingplaceIcouldn’tfind.EachweekIeagerlycountedmygrowingsavingincreasedbyextraworkhereandthere(washingthecar,helpingmymothermakedinner,deliveringorcollectingthingsonmybikethatalreadylookednakedwithoutthebasketinfront).Andthen,weekslater,Icounted,re-countedandjumpedforjoy.Oh,happyday!Imadeit!Ifinallyhadtheexactamountwe’dagreedupon….

Dayslatertheunthinkablehappened.AneighborhoodgirlI’dplayedwithmillionsoftimesappearedwiththeexactsamebasketfixedtohershiny,newbikethatalreadyhadallthebellsandwhistles.Irodehardandfasthometotellmymotheraboutthisdisaster.Thishorribleturnofevents.

Andthencamethelesson.I’vetakenwithmethroughmylife:”Honey,Yourbasketisextra-special,”Momsaid,gentlywipingawaymyhottears.”Yourbasketisspecialbecauseyoupaidforityourself.”

55.Whatcanwelearnfromthefirsttwoparagraphs?

A.Thechildrenenjoyeddoinghousework.

B.Theauthorcamefromswell-offfamily

C.Themotherraisedherchildreninanunusualway

D.ThechildrenwerefondoftheUSpresident’sdaughters.

56.Whentheauthorsawthebasketinthewindow,she????????.

A.fellinlovewithit

B.staredathermother

C.recognizeditatonce

D.wentuptothebikeguy

57.Whydidtheauthorsaymany“please”tohermother?

A.Shelongedtodoextrawork.

B.Shewaseagertohavethebasket.

C.Shefelttiredafterstandingtoolong.

D.Shewantedtobepolitetohermother.

58.Byusing“naked”(Paragraph12),theauthorseemstostressthatthebasketwas

A..somethingshecouldafford

B.somethingimportanttoher

C.somethingimpossibletoget

D.somethingshecoulddowithout

59.Totheauthor,itseemedtobeahorribleturnofeventsthat

A.somethingspoiledherpayingplan

B.thebasketcostmorethanshehadsaved

C.aneighborhoodgirlhadboughtanewbike

D.someoneelsehadgotabasketofthesamekind

60.Whatisthelifelessontheauthorlearnedfromhermother?

A.Savemoneyforarainyday

B.Goodadviceisbeyondallprice.

C.Earnyourbreadwithyoursweat

D.Godhelpsthosewhohelpthemselves

【语篇解读】本文为一篇记叙文。作者回忆自己母亲对孩子不寻常的教育方法。通过一个自行车篮子的事情,母亲教会作者什么事情都要自力更生,通过自己努力得到的东西才是珍贵的。www.sjjydb.com

55.【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:根据第二段的句子Wehadtoearnourallowancebydoingchoresaroundthehouse….wemadeourownbeds(nooneleftthehouseunitilthatwasdone)andpickedupafterourselves.Wehadtokeeptrackofndifsomethingwaslost,itwasnotreplaced.可知,作者的母亲用不寻常的方法教育孩子。故选C。

考点:考查推理判断

56.【答案】A

【解析】

试题分析:根据第三段的句子andthereitwasinthewindow,White,shiny,plasticanddecoratedwithflowers,thebasketwinkedatmeandIknew----Iknew---Ihadtohaveit.可知,当作者在橱窗里面看见这个篮子就喜欢上了它。故选A。

考点:考查细节理解

57.【答案】B

【解析】

试题分析:根据第五段的句子Itriedtoholdoffatfirst,Iplayeditcoolforashortwhile.ButthenIguessIcouldn’tatanditanylonger:可知,作者说了很多“pleases”,因为她渴望拥有这个篮子。故选B。

考点:考查推理判断

58.【答案】B

考点:考查推理判断

59.【答案】D

【解析】

试题分析:根据第十三段的句子AneighborhoodgirlI’dplayedwithmillionsoftimesappearedwiththeexactsamebasketfixedtohershiny,newbikethatalreadyhadallthebellsandwhistles.可知作者认为其他人有和她相同的篮子是一个灾难。故选D。

考点:考查推理判断

60.【答案】C

【解析】

试题分析:根据文章内容可知,作者的妈妈教育作者要通过自己的努力获得想要的东西,也就是Earnyourbreadwithyoursweat。故选C。

考点:考查主旨大意

第二节:下面文章中有5处(第61-65题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(ABCDE和F)中选出符合各段意思的小题,并在答题纸上将相应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多余选项。

A.Getinvolvedinstudentactivities

B.Yourvoiceisactuallysuperimportant

C.Thereisasignificantincreaseofopportunities

D.Stayinactivecommunicationwithyourfriends

E.Getsmartaboutthepeoplewhoyouspendyourtimewith

F.Yourmajordoesnotmatterasmuchinyourfirstofcollege

FiveThingsNobodyToldMeaboutCollege

AsItypethis,Iaminmyuniversitydormroom.Ayearago,whenIwasawaitingtoheartheresultsofmycollegeapplications,Ioftenwenttowebsitesforsometypeof?insiderlookonwhatcollegewouldbelike.However,there’sonlysomuchthatprepbooks,websites,andolderfriendscanteach.Herearethetop5thingsnobody?toldmeaboutcollege:

61

Nobodyenteringauniversityknowsexactlywhattheywanttostudy.Iftheytellyouotherwise,they’relyingandwillprobablychangewhattheywanttopursewithinthefirstquarterofattendance.DuringmyfirstquarteratUniversityofCalifornia,Riverside(UCR),I?thoughtthatIwantedtostudyPoliticalSciencewithitsfocusonInternationalAffairs,sothat’swhatIappliedfor.However,onceIworkedwithstatewideandlocalgovernment,IrealizedthatabetterfitformewouldbePublicPolicy,andnowIamintheprocessofchangingmyarea.

62

?Incollege,therearesomanygoodchancesforyoutomeetyourexpectations.However,thereisaveryimportantdifferencebetweenwantingtodosomethingandapplyingforsomething.Inorderforyoutotakeadvantage?oftheconferences,research,internships,andfellowshipsthatyouruniversityoffers,apply!Stepintoyouracademicadvisor’soffice,introduceyourself,andbeginmakingthevaluableconnectionsthatarenecessarytohelpduringtherestofyourcollegecareer.Greatthingshappenwhenyoustepoutofyourcomfortzone,andyouwouldbesurprisedonhowmanychancesexistifyoujustask.

63???????

Collegeiswhereyoumeetyourbirdesmaids,?neighbors,andpotentialbosses.Therelationshipsyoudevelopnowwillprobablybelinkedtotheonesyouvaluelater,sobewiseaboutthepeoplewhoyouinvestyourselfin.Youareonlyoneperson,andyoudonothavetimetowasteonpeoplewhowouldrathercausedramaormessupwithyourpurpose.Surroundyourselfwithupliftingindividualswhochallengeyoutobebetterwhilelovingyouforwhoyouare,andbepatient?tothepeoplewhoarethecompleteoppositeofthatdescription.

64

Asafirst-year,IwasafraidtomakeanynoisetowardscampusissuesthatInoticed.ItwasnotuntilIbecameinvolvedinstudentgovernmentthatIgainedtheconfidencetohandleprojectsthatIcreatedwiththehelpofASUCROfficeofthePresident.Duringmyfirstquarter,IspokedirectlytotheChancellor,askinghimforsupporttowardsmyinitiavives,metwiththeViveChancellors,andcooreratedwithmyteachingassistancestobeginmyundergraduateresearchprotect.Nothinggoodwillhappenwhenyouaresilent.

65

Atmyhighschool,therewereaboutonlyfouractiveclubandorganizationsthatstudentscouldbeapartof.ImaginemysurprisewhenIsteppedfootontoUCR’scampus,whereover400organizationsexist,rangingfrompoliticalorganizationstokarateclub.Youarenotpayingalloryourtuition(学费)tomerelygotoclass,study,passtestsandgraduate.Makesomethingworthyoutofyourexperience.Createthatyouwillwanttotellyourgrandchildrenoneday.Itallbeginshere,bysigninguptojoinanorganization.

61.【答案】F

【解析】

试题分析:根据本段的句子Nobodyenteringauniversityknowsexactlywhattheywanttostudy.Iftheytellyouotherwise,they’relyingandwillprobablychangewhattheywanttopursewithinthefirstquarterofattendance.可知,这段主要介绍了:你的专业在大学一年级不重要。故选F。

考点:考查段落大意

62.【答案】C

考点:考查段落大意

63.【答案】E

【解析】

试题分析:根据本段的句子Therelationshipsyoudevelopnowwillprobablybelinkedtotheonesyouvaluelater,sobewiseaboutthepeoplewhoyouinvestyourselfin.可知,这段主要介绍了:对于在一起的人要理性一些。故选E。

考点:考查段落大意

64.【答案】B

【解析】

试题分析:根据本段的句子Nothinggoodwillhappenwhenyouaresilent.可知,这段主要介绍了:你说的话实际上非常重要。故选B。

考点:考查段落大意

65.【答案】A

【解析】

试题分析:根据本段的句子Itallbeginshere,bysigninguptojoinanorganization.可知,这段主要介绍了:参与一些学生的活动。故选A。

考点:考查段落大意

非选择题部分(共40分)

第三部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删减或修改某个单词。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多着(从第11处起)不计分。

 版权所有

WhenIwasaveryyoungchildren,myfathercreatedaregularpracticeIrememberwellyearslate.Everytimehearrivedhomeatendoftheday,we’dgreethetatthedoor.Hewouldaskwhowewasandpretendnottoknowingus,Thenheandmymotherwouldhavehadadrinkwhilesheprepareddinnerandtheywouldtalkabouthisdayandhers.Whiletheychat,myfatherwouldliftmysisterandmeuptositinthetopofthefridge.Itwasbothexcitedandfrighteningtobeupthere!

MysisterandIthoughthewassocoolforputtingusthere.

66.【答案】children改成child

【解析】

试题分析:因为前面有不定冠词a,所以这里用单数。故children改成child。

考点:考查名词单复数

67.【答案】late改成later

【解析】

试题分析:late是形容词“迟的”,或副词“迟地”,但是“一段时间后面应该接later”,表示“……时间以后”。故late改成later。

考点:考查副词.

68.【答案】at后面加the

考点:考查冠词

69.【答案】her改成him

【解析】

试题分析:根据上文可知我们每天在门口迎接爸爸。用him指代myfather,作greet的宾语。故her改成him。

考点:考查代词

70.【答案】was改成were

【解析】

试题分析:这句话的主语是we,谓语用复数,而且这篇文章是作者回忆小时候的事情,用一般过去时。故was改成were。

考点:考查主谓一致

71.【答案】knowing改成know

【解析】

试题分析:pretend后面接不定式作宾语,这里是否定式pretendnottodo。故knowing改成know。

考点:考查动词不定式

72.【答案】去掉had

考点:考查动词形式

73.【答案】chat改成chatted

【解析】

试题分析:根据主句内容my?father?would?lift?my?sister?可知while引导的时间状语从句用一般过去时。故chat改成chatted。

考点:考查动词时态

74.【答案】in改成on

【解析】

试题分析:onthetopof…为固定搭配,意为“在……顶部”。故in改成on。

考点:考查介词

75.【答案】excited改成exciting

【解析】

试题分析:这句话的主语是形式主语it,真正的主语是tobeupthere,主语是物的时候,表语应该用现在分词形式的形容词。故excited改成exciting。

考点:考查形容词

第二节:书面表达(满分30分)

“Planningisgood,butdoingisbetter”是一句英国名言。请以此为题目用英语写一篇100-120词的短文。

要求如下:1.简述你对这句名言的理解;2.用一个具体事例加以说明;3.给出恰当的结尾。

注意:1.文章的标题已给出(不计词数):2.文中不得以任何形式透露地区、学校、老师或同学姓名等真实信息,否则按作弊行为认定。

PlanningIsGood,ButDoingIsBetter

【答案】Onepossiblestudentversion

PlanningIsGood,ButDoingIsBetter

Planningisgoodasitdecidesindetailhowwedo.However,aplancanbearnofruitwithoutbeingactuallycarriedout.

MyexperienceintheEnglishspeechcontestlastOctoberisacaseinpoint.Amonthbeforetheevent,ISpenthoursworkingoutascheduleoutliningmygoalsandpracticalsteps.Afterthat,Isetouttoreadwidelyforaninspiringtopic,wroteaspeech,andpracticeditsdeliveryinbeautifulprounnciationwithgoodpublicspeechskills.Ifinallycameoutofthecontestasthefirstprizewinner.

IknowhowIachievedmysuccess.Itcamefromgoodplanningandbetterdoingcombined.

考点:考查开放式作文

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